What Stage Is High Grade Bladder Cancer?

How serious is Stage 4 bladder cancer?

Stage 4 bladder cancer is the most advanced stage and carries the worst prognosis.

Many cancer treatments will be both difficult and challenging.

However, treatment can reduce or even eliminate your symptoms and help you live a longer, more comfortable life..

What is the most aggressive type of bladder cancer?

Muscle invasive bladder cancer is a serious and more advanced stage of bladder cancer. MIBC is when the cancer has grown far into the wall of the bladder (Stages T2 and beyond). For patients with MIBC, the overall prognosis (how the disease may progress) has not changed in the last 30 years.

How is high grade bladder cancer treated?

Most commonly, people with high-grade noninvasive (stage 0a), carcinoma in situ (stage 0is), or non-muscle-invasive (stage I) bladder cancer are treated with TURBT, followed by local intravesical immunotherapy using Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (or BCG, see “Immunotherapy” in Types of Treatment).

Can bladder cancer be cured if caught early?

Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable. But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs.

How long can you live with Stage 2 Bladder Cancer?

Stage 2. Around 45 out of 100 people (around 45%) survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis. Stage 2 means that the cancer has grown through the connective tissue layer into the muscle of the bladder wall.

Where does bladder cancer spread first?

Bladder cancer can spread this way. If it does, it usually first spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis, surrounding the bladder (called perivesicular lymph nodes). From there, it can spread to lymph nodes that are close to major blood vessels that run into the leg and pelvis.

What is high grade bladder cancer?

High-grade bladder cancer commonly recurs in the bladder and has a strong tendency to invade the muscular wall of the bladder and spread to other parts of the body. High-grade bladder cancer is treated more aggressively than low-grade bladder cancer and is much more likely to result in death.

Is high grade bladder cancer curable?

These cancers can be cured with treatment. During long-term follow-up care, more superficial cancers are often found in the bladder or in other parts of the urinary system. Although these new cancers do need to be treated, they rarely are deeply invasive or life threatening.

Is bladder cancer a death sentence?

The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. The overall 10-year survival rate is 70% and the overall 15-year survival rate is 65%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed.

What happens in the final stages of bladder cancer?

tiredness or weakness. pain when urinating. difficulty urinating or inability to urinate. pain in the lower back on one side of the body.

What is the prognosis for high grade bladder cancer?

T1Hg bladder cancer progresses to muscle-invasive or metastatic disease at a rate of 30% to 50% after 5 years. As a result, some studies advocate initial cystectomy based on the perceived acceptable morbidity and a 5-year disease-specific survival rate of 80% to 90%.

Does bladder cancer spread fast?

High grade bladder cancer is likely to grow and spread quickly and become life threatening. High-grade cancers often need to be treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Low-grade cancers appear non-aggressive and have a low chance of becoming high grade. They are rarely life threatening.