What Are The Abnormalities In Urine?

Which component found in the urine is considered to be abnormal?

Urea is a non-toxic molecule made of toxic ammonia and carbon dioxide.

Any abnormal constituents found in urine are an indication of disease.

The presence of red blood cells in urine is referred to as haematuria..

What are common diseases of the urinary system?

Some of the more common problems of the urinary system include:Bladder infections – (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.Enlarged prostate – in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.Incontinence – when urine leaks out of the urethra.Kidney infections – when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.More items…•

Can a person live without a bladder?

If you’ve had your bladder removed, you’ll need to get used to a new way to pass urine from your body. The operation you had, called a cystectomy, is a lifelong change. You may have to bathe differently and adjust your travel habits.

What are some examples of abnormal findings in a urinalysis?

Abnormal results may mean you have an illness, such as:Urinary tract infection.Kidney stones.Poorly controlled diabetes.Bladder or kidney cancer.

What is a positive urine test?

ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.

What does it mean when you have bacteria in your urine?

Urinary tract infections are caused by microorganisms — usually bacteria — that enter the urethra and bladder, causing inflammation and infection. Though a UTI most commonly happens in the urethra and bladder, bacteria can also travel up the ureters and infect your kidneys.

What is the most common urinary disorder?

The most prevalent issues tend to be infections of the urinary tract, and other common conditions that include kidney stones, incontinence and kidney disease.” While many of the diseases that can affect the urinary tract are easy to manage, they can cause discomfort and pain, and escalate quickly if left untreated.

Why would my Dr send me to a urologist?

Why Would You See a Urologist? A urologist might treat bladder problems, urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder and kidney cancer, kidney blockage, and kidney stones. Men might also see them for: Erectile dysfunction (ED)

What is normal amount of bacteria in urine?

A count of 100,000 or more bacteria per milliliter (mL) of urine may be caused by an infection. A count ranging from 100 to 100,000 could be caused either by infection or by contamination of the sample. You may need to repeat the urine culture. If the count is 100 or less, infection is unlikely.

How do I read my urine test results?

Normal values are as follows:Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy.pH – 4.5-8.Specific gravity – 1.005-1.025.Glucose – ≤130 mg/d.Ketones – None.Nitrites – Negative.Leukocyte esterase – Negative.More items…•

Why do I have white blood cells in my urine but no infection?

Your doctor will diagnose pyuria if you have at least 10 white blood cells in each cubic millimeter of urine. This often indicates infection. In sterile pyuria, however, persistent white cell counts appear during testing without bacterial infection. There are many causes and treatments associated with this condition.

What does abnormalities in urine mean?

Abnormal urine color may be caused by infection, disease, medicines, or food you eat. Cloudy or milky urine is a sign of a urinary tract infection, which may also cause a bad smell. Milky urine may also be caused by bacteria, crystals, fat, white or red blood cells, or mucus in the urine.