Quick Answer: How Does The Urinary System Work?

How does the urinary system work step by step?

When you urinate, the brain signals the bladder muscles to tighten, squeezing urine out of the bladder.

At the same time, the brain signals the sphincter muscles to relax.

As these muscles relax, urine exits the bladder through the urethra.

When all the signals occur in the correct order, normal urination occurs..

What makes it painful to urinate?

Painful urination is a common sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI). A UTI can be the result of a bacterial infection. It can also be due to inflammation of the urinary tract. The urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys make up your urinary tract.

What are the 7 functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functionsRemove waste products and medicines from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Balance a variety of electrolytes.Release hormones to control blood pressure.Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.Help with bone health by controlling calcium and phosphorus.

What is the main function of the urinary system?

The urinary system’s function is to filter blood and create urine as a waste by-product. The organs of the urinary system include the kidneys, renal pelvis, ureters, bladder and urethra. The body takes nutrients from food and converts them to energy.

Why are females more likely to contract bladder infections than males?

Risk factors Urinary tract infections are common in women, and many women experience more than one infection during their lifetimes. Risk factors specific to women for UTIs include: Female anatomy. A woman has a shorter urethra than a man does, which shortens the distance that bacteria must travel to reach the bladder.

Where is kidney in our body?

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one on each side of your spine. Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood every minute, removing wastes and extra water to make urine.

What is the female urinary organ called?

Bladder. The bladder is a pyramidal shaped organ, which sits in our pelvis (the bony structure which helps form our hips). The main function of the bladder is to store urine, and under the appropriate signals, release it into a tube which carries the urine out of the body.

Which gender has a bigger bladder?

The detrusor is thicker in men than women, as greater voiding pressure is needed to empty the bladder through the longer urethra of males [7].

What are the 4 main functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functionsRemove waste products and medicines from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Balance a variety of electrolytes.Release hormones to control blood pressure.Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.Help with bone health by controlling calcium and phosphorus.

How does the urinary system differ in males and females?

Urine flows through the ureters into the urinary bladder. In women, the bladder is located in front of the vagina and below the uterus. In men, the bladder sits in front of the rectum and above the prostate gland.

What is the function of the urinary bladder?

The urinary bladder is a muscular sac in the pelvis, just above and behind the pubic bone. When empty, the bladder is about the size and shape of a pear. Urine is made in the kidneys and travels down two tubes called ureters to the bladder. The bladder stores urine, allowing urination to be infrequent and controlled.

What is the correct path of urine in our body?

The renal system filters the plasma of blood and regulates blood volume by excreting excess water in the form of urine. Urine transport follows a path through the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, which are collectively known as the urinary tract.

What are the 2 functions of the urinary system?

The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.

What are the four main functions of the kidneys?

KIDNEYSRegulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.Regulation of osmolarity. … Regulation of ion concentrations. … Regulation of pH. … Excretion of wastes and toxins. … Production of hormones.

Where is urine stored?

Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood. That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine is stored until you can eliminate it at an appropriate time.