Quick Answer: How Do You Answer A Clinical Question More Efficiently?

What is the difference between a research question and a clinical question?

As a practicing nurse, the clinical questions you will develop (see Chapters 17 and 18) represent the first step of the evidence-based practice process.

The research question (sometimes called the problem statement) presents the idea that is to be examined in the study and is the foundation of the research study..

Which database is considered to have the strongest level of evidence for intervention Questions?

Cochrane reviews are considered to have the strongest level of evidence for intervention questions because they have the best study designs and are gener- ally the most rigorous. To find other types of evidence, databases other than CDSR and DARE must be searched.

What is a good evidence based practice question?

Evidence-based practice uses the PICO(T) model for formulating a searchable question. How would I describe the problem or a group of patients similar to mine? What main intervention, prognostic factor or exposure am I considering? Is there an alternative to compare with the intervention?

What is a PICO question example?

PICO is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a good clinical foreground question: P = Population/Patient/Problem – How would I describe the problem or a group of patients similar to mine? I = Intervention – What main intervention, prognostic factor or exposure am I considering?

Why is it important to have a clear focus and a well formulated review question?

The purpose of a systematic review is to answer a clear and focused clinical question. … A well formulated review question will help determine your inclusion and exclusion criteria, the creation of your search strategy, the collection of data and the presentation of your findings.

Which study design is best for a study about prognosis?

The best design for a prognostic study is a cohort study. It would usually be impossible or unethical to randomise patients to different prognostic factors.

What is a good PICO question for nursing?

A good PICO will investigate something new in terms of diagnosis, etiology, therapy, harm, etc. A bad PICO is usually a background question disguised as a research question. For example, “what are the effects of Prilosec on patients taking immune suppressants” might seem like a good research question, but it is not.

How do you answer clinical questions?

To ask more focused clinical questions, use the “PICO” acronym: patient (or disease), intervention (a drug or test), comparison (another drug, placebo or test) and outcome. By having access to just a few evidence-based resources, you can find answers to your clinical questions with little time or effort.

What is a clinical question in nursing?

A clinical question needs to be directly relevant to the patient or problem at hand and phrased in such a way as to facilitate the search for an answer. PICO makes this process easier. It is a mnemonic for the important parts of a well-built clinical question.

What clinical questions mean?

These types of questions typically ask who, what, where, when, how & why about things like a disorder, test, or treatment, or other aspect of healthcare. For example: What are the clinical manifestations of menopause? What causes migraines? Foreground questions ask for specific knowledge to inform clinical decisions.

What do you need to consider when appraising evidence?

When appraising research, “three things to bear in mind are quality, validity, and size:Quality. Trials that are randomised and double blind, to avoid selection and observer bias, and where we know what happened to most of the subjects in the trial.Validity. … Size.

What is a pico t question?

The word PICOT is a mnemonic derived from the elements of a clinical research question – patient, intervention, comparison, outcome and (sometimes) time. The PICOT process begins with a case scenario, and the question is phrased to elicit an answer.

What type s of evidence would be classified as Level II evidence?

Level II-1: Evidence obtained from well-designed controlled trials without randomization. Level II-2: Evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case-control analytic studies, preferably from more than one center or research group.

How should you approach a clinical question with multiple possible interventions and outcomes?

If your question has multiple interventions and outcomes you can only reach an answer by including all of the interventions and outcomes and systematically breaking the question down into individual PICOs. It is not possible to use the PICO format for questions with multiple comparators or outcomes.

What are the four components of a clinical question?

When well built, clinical questions usually have four components: P: The patient situation, population, or problem of interest. I: The main intervention, defined very broadly, including an exposure, a diagnostic test, a prognostic factor, a treatment, a patient perception and so forth.

How do you formulate a clinical question?

Formulating a Well Built Clinical QuestionP = Patient, Problem, Population (How would you describe a group of patients similar to you? … I = Intervention, Prognostic Factor, Exposure (What main intervention are you considering?More items…•

What is a good Picot question?

Population/ Patient Problem: Who is your patient? (Disease or Health status, age, race, sex) Intervention: What do you plan to do for the patient? (Specific tests, therapies, medications) Comparison: What is the alternative to your plan? (ie. No treatment, different type of treatment, etc.)

Why is Pico used?

Answer. PICO is a mnemonic device used in nursing that helps a person remember the components of a well focused clinical question. It is a strategy used in the first step of Evidence Based Practice (EBP) to assess and ask when researching to formulate a searchable clinical question by helping to develop key terms.

What is a prognosis question?

Prognosis Questions You have arrived here because you have a question that involves the likelihood of a particular outcome for a patient with a certain disease, condition or injury. It may also involve identifying risk factors for an outcome amongst patients with a certain disease, condition or injury.

What makes a good clinical question?

(Figure 1) The question must be clinically relevant, well thought out and answerable. For example, a treatment (e.g. anticoagulant treatment for deep venous thrombosis) or surgery (e.g. replanting an amputated thumb) that is widely accepted with outstanding results would not be a good subject for a clinical question.

What are the best sources of evidence for answering clinical questions?

Full-text resources most often take the form of online journals or books (e.g., Evidence-Based Nursing journal or Harrison’s Online) but can also include the full text of practice guidelines (NGC) or systematic reviews (Cochrane Library).