Question: Which Of The Following Is An Abnormal Constituent Of Urine?

What diseases can be found in urine?

A urinalysis is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes.

A urinalysis involves checking the appearance, concentration and content of urine.

Abnormal urinalysis results may point to a disease or illness..

What is normally found in urine quizlet?

Substances normally found in urine are nitrogenous wastes, water, various ions (always including sodium and potassium). Substances normally absent from urine include glucose, blood proteins, blood, pus (WBCs), and bile.

What is considered good urine output?

The normal range of urine output is 800 to 2,000 milliliters per day if you have a normal fluid intake of about 2 liters per day.

What is an abnormal constituent of urine?

Abnormal constituents most commonly found in urine are protein (proteinuria) glucose (glycosuria) and acetone (ketonuria), and all may have a significance that must not be ignored.

Which of the following is a normal constituent of urine?

7.3 Chemical Examination of Urine Normal urine has various organic and inorganic constituents. The normal inorganic constituents are chloride, phosphates, sulphates, calcium, etc., while organic constituents are urea, uric acid, and creatinine.

What are the normal constituents present in your urine and their normal value?

Normal Chemical Composition of Urine Sodium 1.17 g/L. Potassium 0.750 g/L. Creatinine 0.670 g/L. Other dissolved ions, inorganic and organic compounds (proteins, hormones, metabolites).

What is a positive urine test?

ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.

Is urine acidic or basic?

According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is 6.0, but it can range from 4.5 to 8.0. Urine under 5.0 is acidic, and urine higher than 8.0 is alkaline, or basic. Different laboratories may have different ranges for “normal” pH levels.

Which of the following would not be considered a normal component of urine?

Healthy urine consists of water, ammonia, potassium, hydrogen, little sodium, little creatine, little uric acid and urea and little bilirubin, if any of these substance is present in too much (or to little) quanity then it becomes unhealthy. Substances not normally in urine-glucose, protein, RBC, WBC and hemoglobin.

Why is protein considered an abnormal component of urine?

Abnormal: Protein in the urine may mean that kidney damage, an infection, cancer, high blood pressure, diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), or glomerulonephritis is present.

What is the main component of urine?

It consists of water, urea (from amino acid metabolism), inorganic salts, creatinine, ammonia, and pigmented products of blood breakdown, one of which (urochrome) gives urine its typically yellowish colour.

How many types of urine tests are there?

Five standard urine tests can be used to examine the different components of urine. Two of them can also be done at home, whereas the other three can only be done in a lab.

Can yeast infection be found in urine?

Yeast infections occur due to an overgrowth of the Candida fungus, while UTIs result from bacterial infections in the urinary tract. Yeast infections cause itching, pain, and odorless vaginal discharge. UTIs, on the other hand, cause urinary symptoms, such as a frequent urge to urinate and painful urination.

What bacteria is found in urine?

Bacteria known as Escherichia coli (E. coli) cause the majority of lower urinary tract infections….Other bacteria that commonly cause UTIs include:Proteus.Klebsiella.Enterobacter.Staphylococcus.Acinetobacter.

What is the most important organ in the urinary system?

Introduction to the urinary system The kidneys are bean-shaped organs which help the body produce urine to get rid of unwanted waste substances. When urine is formed, tubes called ureters transport it to the urinary bladder, where it is stored and excreted via the urethra.