Question: What Is The Working Principle Of Cooling Tower?

What is the difference between a cooling tower and a fluid cooler?

Towers provide a means to eject heat through direct evaporation of the cooling water used in the facility.

Water cascades down over a “wet deck” through which air is blown.

Evaporative coolers use water to dissipate the heat.

Water is re-circulated in the unit, dripping across the coil containing the coolant..

What is cooling tower used for?

Cooling towers are primarily used for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) and industrial purposes. Cooling towers provide a cost-effective and energy efficient operation of systems in need of cooling. More than 1,500 industrial facilities use large quantities of water to cool their plants 2.

What are the types of cooling towers?

The types of cooling towers based on the air flow generation are Natural draft, Mechanical draft, Cross-flow and Counter-flow towers.Natural Draft cooling towers use the design and shape of the tower itself to move up the air naturally using fans. … Mechanical Draft towers tend to use a fan to force the air.More items…•

What is a closed loop cooling tower?

Closed circuit cooling towers, also known as evaporative fluid coolers, keep the system clean and contaminant-free in a closed loop. … During operation, heat is transferred from the warm fluid in the coil to the spray water, and then to the atmosphere as a portion of the water evaporates.

Which type of cooling tower is more efficient?

The film type of fill is the more efficient and provides same heat transfer in a smaller volume than the splash fill. Cold water basin: The cold water basin, located at or near the bottom of the tower, receives the cooled water that flows down through the tower and fill.

What do you mean by cooling tower?

A cooling tower is a specialized heat exchanger in which air and water are brought into direct contact with each other in order to reduce the water’s temperature. … The cooled water is then pumped back to the condenser or process equipment where it absorbs heat.

Is a cooling tower a condenser?

A cooling tower is used to cool water and is a huge heat exchanger, expelling building heat into the atmosphere and returning colder water to the chiller. A cooling tower receives warm water from a chiller. This warm water is known as condenser water because it gets heat in the condenser of the chiller.

What is an open circuit cooling tower?

In open circuit cooling towers, there is a direct contact between the water to cool down and the air. An open cooling tower is a heat exchanger that in order to cool down water makes use of the direct contact with the air.

What is a cooling tower and how does it work?

Cooling towers are a special type of heat exchanger that allows water and air to come in contact with each other to lower the temperature of the hot water. During this process, small volumes of water evaporate, lowering the temperature of the water that’s being circulated throughout the cooling tower.

What is cooling tower and its types?

There are three main types of cooling towers that are defined by how water or air pass through them. These types include crossflow, counterflow, and hyperbolic. There are also two varieties classified solely on airflow, known as induced draft and passive draft cooling towers.

How does a BAC cooling tower work?

Principle of Operation Cooling towers reject heat from water-cooled systems to the atmosphere. Hot water from the system enters the cooling tower and is distributed over the fill (heat transfer surface). Air is induced or forced through the fill, causing a small portion of the water to evaporate.